E.M.C.B. Franquinet LL.M.

Discourse by Cees Moonen at the meeting of the Dutch Jules Verne Society on 28 March 1998.

Youth and family

Photo: E. Franquinet
E. Franquinet

(Click to enlarge.)

I am going to tell you about E. M. C. B. Franquinet LL.M., the writer of the only Dutch biography on Jules Verne so far. Edmond Marie Constant Bernard Franquinet (Eddy) was born in Maastricht on 6 January 1896, as the sixth and last child in the family. He died on 17 November 1974, almost 79 years old. His father was a well-known Maastricht industrialist. Many of his ancestors had been mayor of Namen (Belgium) in the 17th century. Also, writing was in the blood of these ancestors. There was a physicist who published a lot in the last century. Franquinet’s grandfather was a member of the Society of Dutch Literature, had a degree in Law, was a historian, civil servant and consul for Belgium and Spain.
Back to our Edmond. When he was 9 years old, he moved with his family to Houthem, near Valkenburg. Only French was spoken in the Franquinet family. In Houthem, Edmond had a private teacher at home. Later, he went to grammar school, and after school he left for Amsterdam to study Law. Because he did all kinds of things except studying, he had to begin all over again three years later, this time in Utrecht. When he was 27 years old, he got his degree in Law. A year before, in 1922, he got married. No offspring resulted from this marriage. After several jobs in the judicature in Maastricht, Gulpen en Utrecht, Franquinet was appointed judge at the court of justice in Roermond, of which he was vice-president from 1947 until his retirement in 1966.
Eddy was a somewhat thick-set figure, with a gentle and amiable character, a very social man who loved weddings and parties, but, strangely enough, didn’t like carnival at all. He frequently organized parties and diners, of which often more than thirty persons partook.

Aviation, writing and other interest

Now I am going to talk about a completely different side of Edmond Franquinet. From his youth up, writing ran in his blood. At 17 years, he had already written an article entitled Nr. 47, a story about an aerial race, for which he was paid ƒ 2,50 by a local newspaper, the Brabantse Courant in Den Bosch. His greatest hobby has always been aviation, en this preference has only increased in the years.
Besides aviation, a lot of other topics had his interest: literature, art, biographies of persons who were important for the culture of Limburg, old farms and buildings, nature and so on. From the middle twenties Franquinet published a book on one of these topics almost every year. However, aviation and space travel remained his first and biggest love.
Franquinet was one of the founders of the committee ‘Vliegveld Zuid-Limburg’, the current ‘Airport Aachen-Maastricht’. From 1932 he edited a monthly feature on KRO radio: KRO Luchtnet. After the war he resumed this program, under the title De vliegende Hollander on Sunday afternoon. He continued until 1964. It was the longest-existing radio show ever: 27 years! Another radio show worth mentioning is Sprong in het heelal. This radio play was broadcast between 1955 and 1958 on Sunday night at half past nine. It was a series with stories like a trip to the moon and later to Mars, by the novelist Charles Chilton, translated by our Edmond.
These activities were all under the pseudonym P. R. O. Peller, on the explicit request of the Minister of Justice, in order to keep a distance between his work as a judge in Roermond and his writing. Anything new about mixed interests?
In 1929 Edmond Franquinet went for his first flight, together with his wife: in a new one-engine KLM Fokker plane he flew from Brussel to Paris. In 1930 he made his first flight in a private plane that he flew himself. In the same year his first book on aviation was published. In 1936, Edmond became a teacher at the Dutch Institute of Aviation in Utrecht; here he wrote the first Dutch Aviation Encyclopedia, in cooperation with others.
Besides writing over 800 articles in approximately 40 different magazines about aviation, space travel, language and culture of Zuid-Limburg, etc. etc., he also liked painting, drawing and photography. In the 1930s, 1950s and 1960s, he made many travels with his wife, and he wrote complete books about these trips, illustrated with his own photos and drawings. He also gave lectures throughout the country, showing lantern-views and later colour slides.
Franquinet wrote no less than 21 books on his favourite topics. He also translated 12 works from French, German and English, most of them about science-fiction and space travel.

Book: De sprong in de derde dimensie
De sprong in de derde dimensie, a book about space travel

(Click to enlarge.)

Jules Verne

You will be thinking by now: “That’s all very nice, but what about Jules Verne?” All in due time, gentlemen! First I want to point out certain peculiarities of both writers. They were both real voluminous writers, and liked to be at work as early as five o’clock in the morning. And both of them were very normal and inconspicuous persons, who had quiet, bourgeois lives.
And now, finally, about Jules Verne. In the war period 1940–1945 there was not much work to do at the court of justice in Roermond. So Franquinet decided to write a biography on one of the heroes of his youth: Jules Verne. In 1940–1941 he finished this work. And although it may seem to us a little old-fashioned, it is still a book worth reading. The pen-drawings in the book were made by his cousin Robert Franquinet, who had written a lot himself.

Book: Jules Verne, zijn persoon en zijn werk
Jules Verne, zijn persoon en zijn werk
Drawing: The island Feydeau
A drawing of the island Feydeau, by Rob. Franquinet

(Click to enlarge.)

When Edmond started work on his biography on Verne, he had only read 40 novels by Verne. He could not find the other works, not even in libraries. He then contacted Cornelis Helling in Amsterdam, the man who helped founding the French Société Jules Verne in 1935, and has been vice-president of this Société for about thirty years.
Helling was willing to let Franquinet read his books, but on one condition: Helling wanted to come to Roermond every weekend. And so it happened. Every Saturday Cornelis Helling came to Franquinet’s house with six French first editions, and on Sunday night he left again. This went on for a couple of months: Edmond sitting upstairs, reading, making abstracts, while Helling was downstairs eating and drinking. Mark you, it was war!
The biography Jules Verne, zijn persoon en zijn werk appeared in 1942, published by De Pelgrim in Eindhoven.
Other publications by Edmond Franquinet about Jules Verne are:

Book: Een dagblad in de 19e eeuw
Een dagblad in de 29e eeuw
Book: Jules Verne (biography)
The shorter version of the biography

(Click to enlarge.)

Gentlemen, I hope that I have been able to lift the curtain about a person who has been very important to us all, and who will be important as long as there will be one fan of Jules Verne left in the Netherlands!